Factors Affecting Child Mortality: Wars
We know that the war is a disaster for everything! Let's take a look at how the war can be a disaster for under five child mortality.
Data Source: UNICEF and PRIO
Under 5 child mortality rate has reduced from 1990 to 2015.
"Since 1990, the world has cut the rate of child deaths by more than one half.
In 2015, an estimated 5.9 million children under the age of five will still die, equivalent to 11 every minute."-UNICEF
This is the world map based on child mortality rate
When we hover the map to see the trend line, we can see that the under five child mortality rate is decreasing for almost every country.
Here is Haiti
You can see the trend line for Haiti has a steep slope in 2010.
The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake.
But the trend line went back to its normal decreasing trend in 2011.
And here's Rwanda
You can see the trend line for Rwanda has a steep slope in 1994.
The 1994 Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority. An estimated 500,000-1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, constituting as much as 70% of the Tutsi and 20% of Rwanda's total population.
But the trend line did not go back to its normal decreasing trend until 2000!!!
These are three line trends
In 1994, the Rwandan genocide caused an estimated 500,000-1,000,000 Rwandans' death;
In 1997, the Congo civil war resulted in more than 10,000 deaths in Brazzaville alone;
In 1991, 13 civilians were killed and around 1000 in January Events took place in Lithuania.
Number of deaths caused by wars/conflicts VS child mortality
In Sub-Saharan Africa, problems of deaths caused by wars and high child mortality rate existed in 2008. (Data of 2008 is the most recent data on deaths caused by wars.)
Sub-Saharan Africa is an area that has the highest child mortality rate comparing to other areas.
Child mortality rate by absolute value
In conclusion, we need to work harder in avoiding wars or conflicts in order to get rid of long-term recovering from high child mortality.